Svašek Hydraulics

Coastal, harbour and river engineering consultants

 
COLOMBO PORT CITY
MORPHOLOGICAL MODELLING OF A RECLAMATION

CLIENT
    CDR International b.v.

LOCATION
    Colombo, Sri Lanka

DATE
    2015 - 2016

SERVICES
    Development of morphological
    model, simulations of different
    work stages.



The Colombo Port City Development is a large 200 hectare land reclamation. Once finished it will be protected by a low-crested offshore breakwater with a length of more than 3 kilometres, but during construction much of the sandy reclamation will be exposed to the sea. Svašek Hydraulics has provided the modelling part of CDR International 's design support on the reclamation and marine works for this complex project.

Monsoon conditions with high waves from the west are able to generate massive alongshore sediment transport at Colombo. During the 2015 monsoon season most of the reclaimed area up to that point was shifted by waves to the south (see top two figures on the right). It was decided that a thorough understanding of the transport processes, anchored in a full processed based morphological model, was necessary before continuing the reclamations works.

Svašek Hydraulics set-up a coupled SWAN - FINEL2D morphological model. The SWAN model is calibrated on measurements and forced by constructed 2D spectra. The spectra represent both the ever present southern swell waves and the season dependent monsoon waves (each month of the year has been represented by an idealised wave climate).

After accounting for the presence of non-erodable layers, wave reflection on existing breakwaters and cross shore processes, the model was soundly validated against the large morphological changes of mid 2015 (see lower figure on the right).

The model has later been applied to compute a variety of work stages under a variety of conditions. The results have supplied CDR with the means to successfully provide design support for the project.